Sportratgeber: American Football: In unserem Sportratgeber erfahren Sie was regulären Spielzeit Punktgleichstand, folgt eine "Overtime" ("Nachspielzeit"). vor 5 Tagen Erklärung für Einsteiger American Football: Die Grundregeln im Überblick Eine Ausnahme ist die Verlängerung, die sogenannte "Overtime". März Das ist mal ein Plakat, das Lust auf American Football macht! Ungerechtigkeit durch den Münzwurf vor Beginn der Overtime zu beseitigen.
American Football Overtime VideoOVERTIME! - On-Season Football Series - Game 2 So könnte eine Aufstellung aussehen. Jedes Team hat pro Halbzeit also in zwei Vierteln, den. Insgesamt kam er auf Passing- und 71 Rushing-Yards. Was ist das überhaupt? Die perfekte Ergänzung zu Todd Gurley ran. Die Vietnam games im Browns-Chaos ran. Bier www. poppen.de kann er übrigens auch ganz gut. Pass über die gegnerische Goalline getragen oder in der Endzone gefangen wird. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Der 40 Yard Splash. Vielleicht aber auch Patriots gegen Rams. NFL Die besten Catches des 5. Wird der Ball durch das Tor geschossen, gibt es noch einen weiteren Punkt, verfehlt der Kicker das Tor oder wird der Schuss von der Defense geblockt, bleibt es bei den sechs Punkten für den zuvor erzielten Touchdown. Ein spannendes Spiel bis zum Schluss. Wird der Ball vom Kicker oder Punter in die gegnerische Endzone gekickt und nicht heraus getragen, so spricht man von einem Touchback. Der Runningback — wie der Name sagt — steht ausgangs meistens neben oder hinter dem Quarterback und kämpft sich laufenderweise mit dem Ball durch die Defense. Schafft er das, bekommt das Team drei Punkte. Beide Mannschaften verschossen ein Field Goal in der Overtime . Dann wird der Ball im vierten Versuch in der Regel durch einen sogenannten Punt möglichst weit in Richtung gegnerischer Endzone gekickt, damit der Gegner das Angriffsrecht in einer möglichst schlechten Position übernehmen muss. Zwei andere Passgeber stehen vor Scherbenhaufen. Seine besten Calls als TV-Experte ran.
One overtime system is golden point , where any score try , penalty goal , or field goal by a team immediately wins the game.
This entails a five-minute period of golden point time, after which the teams switch ends and a second five-minute period begins.
In the knockout stages of rugby competitions, most notably the Rugby World Cup , two full-length extra time periods of 10 minutes each are played with an interval of 5 minutes in between if the game is tied after full-time.
If scores are level after minutes, the rules call for a period of sudden-death extra time to be played. Originally, this sudden-death period was 20 minutes, but is now 10 minutes.
If the sudden-death extra time period results in no scoring, standard World Rugby rules call for a kicking competition to be used to determine the winner.
Domestic leagues may use other tiebreakers; for example, playoff games in the French professional leagues that are level at the end of extra time use a set of tiebreakers before going to a kicking competition, with the first tiebreaker being tries scored.
However, no match in the history of the Rugby World Cup has gone past minutes into a sudden-death extra time period. In the sevens variant of rugby union, extra time is used only in knockout stages of competitions, such as the World Rugby Sevens Series and Rugby World Cup Sevens.
Extra time begins one minute after the end of full-time, and is played in multiple 5-minute periods. Unlike the man game, extra time in sevens is true sudden-death, with the first score by either team winning the match.
If neither team has scored at the end of a period, the teams change ends. This procedure is repeated until one team scores. Normal game time is 80 minutes, but with scores level a further 20 minutes was played.
When the scores remained level after minutes, golden point extra time was invoked, a Noel Goldthorpe field goal decided the game after minutes.
In total, the match took 11 hours, 5 minutes of play over three days, with a final score of 6—4, 3—6, 6—7 7 , 7—6 3 , 70—68 for a total of games.
It remains by far the longest match in tennis history, measured both by time and number of games. The final set alone was longer than the previous longest match.
The official longest tie-break on record, 50 points, came in the first round of Wimbledon in when Michael Mortensen and Jan Gunnarson defeated John Frawley and Victor Pecci , , , Of note is an even longer tie-break of 70 points, with Benjamin Balleret defeating Guillaume Couillard 34 , The match, held in Plantation, FL in , was only a qualifying match in a Futures event, the lowest level tournament in pro tennis.
All matches in qualifying are played without any chair umpire or any lines people. Without any official scorecard, this record is not official.
If the tiebreaker game deciding the match is tied at 9—all, whoever scores two straight points wins. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Retrieved 10 February Retrieved June 21, Retrieved 26 July Rule change in minors will put runner on 2B in extra innings". Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 28 January Das ewige Endspiel 11 Freunde" in German.
Archived from the original PDF on 20 March Retrieved 16 March Archived from the original on 4 November Retrieved 29 November Retrieved from " https: Terminology used in multiple sports.
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In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 31 January , at The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play.
The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.
Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.
A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.
A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.
A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.
Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.
In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen. The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center.
An offensive line has two different jobs. When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing.
When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through. The running back also has multiple roles.
They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass.
While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.
Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.
They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves. The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.
The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.
For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up.
Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage. Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play.
These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play.
Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.
For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.
Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.
Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen, or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers.
These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.
The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.
Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.
The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball.
Behind the linemen are the linebackers. A linebackers job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing teams quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponents tight end or wide receivers.
Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers. Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers.
The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent. The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box".
Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary". A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball backward to one of the backs, usually the quarterback.
The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself. The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below.
The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.
This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.
A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball.
The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.
If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.
If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble. If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed.
A free kick is a down which does not occur from scrimmage. The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.
In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.
In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team cannot line up more than 5 yards behind the kickoff line, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.
In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.
Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick, in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.
If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team. Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.
A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: A free kick is also used to restart the game following a safety.
The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line. This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop kick or punt.
In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below. The most common type of kick used is the place kick.
For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.
Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over.
If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.
If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.
One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful.
A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play.
After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.
A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points. For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.
If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown. The ball is spotted at the yard line for 1-point conversions ; 2-yard line for 2-point conversions for the NFL and on 3-yard line for college and high school, and the team is given one un-timed play to earn points.
The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.
This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.
A safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone. A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there.
This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.
Hinzu kommen aber noch positionsspezifische Aufgaben. Die Defensive Tackles sollen in der Mitte die Stellung halten und verhindern, dass dort Raumgewinne erzielt werden.
Manche Teams benutzen zwei Tackles, manche drei, andere dagegen nur einen. Dies ist auch der Grund, warum man diese Fronten selten im Profibereich sieht.
Typische Passverteidigungen sind die Nickel , Dime und Quarter. Alle elf Gegner sollen ihn dabei stoppen, speziell die Gunner sind darauf spezialisiert, schnell den Returner zu tackeln bzw.
Dann darf er vom Gegner nach dem Fang nicht angegriffen werden, kann aber keinen weiteren Raumgewinn erzielen. Wird der Ball vom Kicker oder Punter in die gegnerische Endzone gekickt und nicht heraus getragen, so spricht man von einem Touchback.
Auch auf der Seite des nicht kickenden Teams gibt es Spezialisten. So gehen etwa die Kick Blocker bzw. Punt Blocker aggressiv auf den Kicker bzw.
Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. In den Profiligen ist diese Aufgabenverteilung mitunter abweichend.
Das Laufspiel wird taktisch in drei Konzepte unterteilt: Drei Yards Raumgewinn gelten bereits als voller Erfolg. Vielmehr wird konzentriert eine bestimmte Zone gegen die erste Verteidigungsreihe Defensive Line und zweite Reihe Linebacker gesichert.
Das Passspiel wird in drei Kategorien aufgeteilt: Unterscheidungskriterium ist dabei die Bewegung des Quarterbacks. Der Quarterback sollte hierbei jedoch ein guter Sprinter sein.
Bei Fakes wird ein Spielzugart z. Fakes machen einen nicht unbedeutenden Teil der Taktiklastigkeit des Spieles aus. Der blitzende Spieler kann ein Linebacker oder ein Cornerback sein, manchmal sogar ein Safety.
Das soll Abstimmungsschwierigkeiten innerhalb der gegnerischen Offensive Line hervorrufen. Das kann mehrere Wirkungen haben.
Erstens kann es die Offensive Line durcheinander bringen, weil die geplanten Blockschemata evtl. Seit werden alle vier Jahre Weltmeisterschaften ausgetragen.
American Football ist vor allem in Nordamerika verbreitet. Seit den ern wird auch American Football in der Schweiz gespielt. Unterhalb der GFL befindet sich eine ebenso zweigeteilte 2.
Ebenso gibt es umfangreichen Spielbetrieb im Jugendbereich. Seit Ende der er Jahre wird Football auch auf Hochschulebene gespielt. Diese wurde eingestellt.